General Information About Heart Diseases

Cardiovascular diseases can be examined under the following headings in general.
– Coronary heart diseases
– Heart valve diseases
– Congenital heart diseases
– Aneurysm, rupture and narrowing seen in great vessels

Coronary heart disease is the most common heart disease. Coronary heart diseases, which are manifested by narrowing and occlusion of the coronary vessels feeding the heart, take the first place among the causes of death in our country, as in all developed countries. The main reasons for this rapid increase in coronary heart diseases in the last 25 years are as follows:

Rapidly increasing cigarette consumption (70% in men, 40% in women)
Our deteriorating dietary habits (preferring foods rich in animal fats or saturated fats instead of a heart-healthy Mediterranean diet)
Physical inactivity and mental stress brought on by rapid urbanization and technology

It is estimated that there are approximately 1.5 million heart patients in our country. About 300 thousand people have a heart attack a year and 100 thousand of them result in death.
Heart attacks and coronary heart disease strike workers in their most productive age of life. Since there are not many warnings beforehand, the person, family, employer or employers have to endure the dire consequences of a heart attack completely unprepared. Every year, hundreds of working days are lost due to heart diseases, a major blow is dealt to the productivity of labor and information in our country.

People who lost their lives in the form of ‘sudden death’ due to a heart attack can sometimes shake not only their families, but also the whole country due to their socio-economic position.

What Are the Symptoms of a Heart Attack?

Chest pain and shortness of breath are the most important symptoms of a heart attack. Pain that starts suddenly, spreads from the anterior chest wall to the neck and chin, and can sometimes hit the inside of the shoulders and arms, should suggest a heart attack. In some cases (about 30% of patients) a heart attack (silent heart attack) can occur without chest pain (especially in diabetics). Sometimes there may be sudden onset of shortness of breath, cold sweats and heart palpitations. As soon as the question of whether these complaints are heart attacks comes to mind, it is of vital importance to immediately apply to the nearest hospital emergency department, have a heart electrode drawn, and consult with a specialist physician.

The symptoms of a heart attack vary from person to person, and these symptoms are so complex that they can make it difficult for patients, and sometimes even highly experienced physicians, to make a diagnosis.

What Can Be Done During a Heart Attack?

If it is realized that there is a heart attack, the first thing to do is to quickly reach a hospital with a “Heart Attack Center”, if possible, with a fully equipped ambulance. While waiting for the ambulance, one aspirin (160-300 mg dose) should be taken. If the heart attack has caused ‘sudden cardiac arrest’ in the patient, then artificial respiration and heart massage should be started immediately and an ambulance should be called immediately.

As a common mistake; People who have had a heart attack are transported to the hospital by a vehicle (such as a taxi, private car) other than an ambulance, which is extremely dangerous and a risky behavior for the lives of others.