Cardiovascular Diseases

The heart, which is in charge of pumping the blood that carries the substances necessary for the functioning of our organs, contracts 70 times per minute to perform this task and sends an average of 70 ml of blood to our organs each time. During an average human lifetime, our heart contracts approximately 2.5 billion times, pumping 180 million liters of blood throughout our body during this time.
Organs need nutrients and oxygen in order to maintain their vitality and perform their duties. These are delivered to our organs by blood. The blood is carried to the organs via arteries (arteries). Our heart does the work of pumping blood into the arteries. Like every organ, the heart also needs nourishment. The vessels that feed the heart itself are called “coronary arteries” (coronary arteries). Diseases that may occur in the coronary vessels are of vital importance as they will directly affect the work and efficiency of the heart.

The most common and most important disease of the coronary vessels is coronary atherosclerosis (hardening of the arteries). In this disease, a number of substances, mainly cholesterol, accumulate in the coronary vessels, and stenosis and blockages occur in these places.

Here, we see the development of atherosclerosis (hardening of the arteries) in the cardiovascular sections. The structures we call plaque, which is formed as a result of atherosclerosis in the vessel, can grow over time and narrow the vessel space. Since the narrowing of the vessel will reduce the amount of blood flowing through it, problems develop due to malnutrition of the heart. The resulting picture is called coronary artery disease or coronary heart disease. As a result, the nutrition of the heart is disrupted, and the rhythmic work and contraction of the heart is impaired in proportion to the severity of the disease. Coronary artery disease is the leading cause of death and loss of work force in adults in our country as well as all over the world.